Samata Hospital / Fistula  / Understanding Fistula: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
fistula operation in dombivli

Understanding Fistula: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A fistula is an abnormal connection between two organs or vessels. Fistulas can occur in many different parts of the body but are most common in the intestines.

There are several different types of fistulas, but the most common type is an anal fistula. Anal fistulas usually develop when there is an infection in the anal gland. This can happen when the anal gland becomes blocked and infected. The infection then spreads to the tissues around the anal gland, causing a fistula to form.


Fistulas are usually the result of an infection or injury. They can also be caused by surgery, radiation therapy, or Crohn’s disease. Fistulas can cause severe pain and bleeding. If left untreated, they can lead to life-threatening infections.


Symptoms of a fistula may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor so that they can determine whether or not you have a fistula. If you do have a fistula, your doctor will likely recommend surgery to correct the problem.


Surgery for a fistula is called a fistulotomy. During this procedure, your surgeon will make an incision in the tissue that connects the two body parts. The surgeon will then remove any abnormal tissue and close the incision.

If you have a complex fistula, you may need a different type of surgery. This type of surgery is called a flap procedure. During a flap procedure, your surgeon will create a new connection between the two body parts using skin and tissue from another area of your body. After surgery, you will likely need to stay in the hospital for a few days.

We at Samata Hospital can help you with surgeries like these with proper procedures and assist you with easy recovery methods.


In conclusion, Fistula is a serious medical condition that can have a negative impact on a person’s quality of life. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and seek treatment as soon as possible. With proper treatment, most people with fistula can expect to make a full recovery.


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